Shopping for Cambridge Oral Exams

“I’m going to give you each a photograph. I’d like you to take turns to describe your photo to your partner, then find similarities and differences.” Or words to that effect.

Exam classes are notoriously hard to make interesting, truly useful, learner-centred and so on, so I thought that for this week’s post, I’d tackle this aspect of ELT. I’ve chosen to use images from the Shopping and shops set, as they often seem to appear in the examiners’ kit. The ideas are variations of old favourites, too ‘favourite’ for me to know whose ideas they were originally, so I apologise for not crediting.

Are you sitting comfortably? Then I’ll begin.

Choosing the images

As I said, I’m using Shopping here, but there are many others that would do, including Working week. As you look through the photos, you may see some you really like, but be careful – mentally brainstorm the vocabulary for what you can see; are your students going to struggle too hard to come up with the words? Can they see a sufficient number of things they can describe? Look at this picture. I really like it, but had to discard it – can you see why? Try brainstorming it yourself.

by @sandymillin

The next stage of choosing is to cover each side of the images and decide if one side is easier to describe than the other (you’ll be chopping the images in half – I use Paint). Have a look at this photo. My initial reaction was Oh yes! Love this! So British!

by @Amandalanguage

But let’s cut it in half. The student getting the lefthand side might not have too many problems (flowers, boxes, blue plastic, house, windows, trees….)

On the left...

But what about the student with the righthand side? How can (s)he show range of vocabulary?

...and on the right

brussels sprouts, parsnips, turnips, brick wall, broccoli of some kind, metal post, something like dirty carrots…….. Perhaps not. They’d be ok with onions and vegetables, but the panic button would probably be hit.

First idea: Matching (needs three photos – or six if you think pairs can cheat by looking over the shoulders of neighbouring pairs)

Create two mosaics using the halves of three photos (three left sides, three right sides in a different order). Try to ensure the difficulty level is similar. I used Paint to cut, stored on flickr and then used the mosaic maker to create the mosaics. You can print and laminate sets (ie pairs) or just keep the digital version.

By @pysproblem81

and

By @pysproblem81

Brainstorming

Give half the class the left mosaic and half the class the right mosaic. Put students in pairs and ask them to brainstorm vocabulary for each image. Remind them to work quietly so the other half of the class can’t overhear/cheat.

Pairwork

Put a ‘left’ with a ‘right’. Tell students it’s important that they do NOT show each other their mosaics until after they have worked with all three photos. One student in each pair chooses a photo to describe to their partner for their partner to guess which half to match it with. They should describe the picture in as much detail as possible while their partner listens silently. (The silence is important at this stage). When they have finished, they swap roles with the other student choosing one of the remaining images to describe. This time, allow the listener to ask questions. They do not compare their photos yet but ask them if they felt different, being able to ask questions or not, and if so, how so.

After a show of hands ‘Who thinks they’ve matched the halves?’, ask them to work with the third image, but instead of describing, they should ask and answer as many questions as possible to work out what the complete picture looks like eg I can see some oranges on the right – is it a place selling fruit? Are there any bananas in your part of the picture? Are they any people buying fruit? Etc.

When they’ve run out of questions and have worked together for two or three minutes, students show each other the mosaics.

Aftermath

Ask students to talk about where they think they photos were taken and why, what time of year they think it is, what any mystery objects in the photos might be etc. Remind them that if they have no idea, it doesn’t matter – saying ‘ I don’t think it was taken in Mexico because….’ is better than saying ‘I don’t know’.

As a nearly-final awareness activity, ask them to the three different ways of working with the pictures (1 describe/listen silently 2 describe/ask a few questions 3 ask and answer questions as a dialogue). Tell them to consider which way was best for showing different structures, vocabulary, communication strategies etc, which way made them feel more supported or more vulnerable etc.

Then really finally, brainstorm the language they used, the language they felt they needed but didn’t have and discuss it as a class, focusing on phrases like ‘In the background…’, ‘I’m not sure what it is, but it looks like/could be etc… and reminding them that there’s more to one of these photo tests than ‘In my picture I can see…’.

Second idea: Picture dictation (Two photos, or four if you think neighbouring pairs can see each other’s photos).

By @chiasuan

Select two photos as before (again avoiding photos with obscure vocab) and make two copies of each, cutting one in half either literally or using Paint, as I have.

Stick the half you want to keep on plain white paper, ranged left or right as appropriate. You can also get students to choose their own pictures from eltpics and prepare this at home, in which case they need only choose one and prepare it. It takes less than five minutes. (Though it’s always wise to have some of your own as back-up in case ‘the dog ate my homework’.)

Let’s call your photos A and B. In each pair, one student has a complete photo A and a half photo B. The other student has a complete photo B and a half photo A. Ask them to look at their half photos, and think of three or four questions they’d like to ask their partner about the missing content. Here are some more half pictures and links to the complete versions (at the end of the paragraph) – see if you can imagine what’s missing before you look, though, and note down three or four questions you’d want to ask a partner. (here and here)

By @dfogarty (above) and @eannegrenoble (below)

When they are ready, they take turns describing the missing bit of their partner’s half picture so that it can be drawn. It’s a good idea to ban questions from the listener at the start then allow them after a few minutes, and afterwards discuss the difference, as with the previous idea. I’d also suggest a final language focus stage as well, so the student has a language reference to take home, rather than just a drawing of debatable quality.

Fiona

Next week… a guest post!

Learners take control

This week’s contributor is perhaps not a frequent eltpics contributor but IS a frequent, and highly creative eltpics user: Tara Benwell. From Toronto in Canada, Tara is a writer – a novel as well as materials – social media director, and Site of the Month editor for TEFL.net and EnglishClub.com. She’s also in charge of admin for MyEC, the social network of EnglishClub.com and hosts the MyEC Monthly Writing Challenges. So. Drumroll and over to Tara…..

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I’ve admired the eltpics team from the very beginning, and I had the pleasure of interviewing Victoria for TEFL.net back when there were only a few hundred pictures in the flickr collection. Up until a few weeks ago, I thought of eltpics as an ingenius site developed by teachers for teachers. Then one day when I was hunting through my personal photos trying to find the perfect photo for a MyEC blog challenge, I suddenly had a thought. English learner bloggers would love eltpics! Why not introduce them to this collection? Before I went ahead, I asked permission from the team. Would it be okay for our online students/teachers to use eltpics too? The team was quick to confirm that the collection was open for all types of educational use (non-commercial), and I wondered why I hadn’t asked before. Since then, I’ve put eltpics to great use on the social network for English learners and teachers, and I’ve hardly logged in to the clip art site that we subscribe to. What do we do with ELTpics on MyEC? Two words: Wordless Wednesday.

WHAT IS WORDLESS WEDNESDAY?

Wordless Wednesday is a fun exercise we’ve been doing on EnglishClub for a couple of years. It was inspired by the official Wordless Wednesday group. These are bloggers who give themselves a rest each Wednesday by uploading a photo instead of writing a post. These bloggers share their photo posts on a hub blog in hopes of attracting a wider audience of readers. I stumbled upon the official Wordless Wednesday group via my high school locker partner’s blog, imadeitso.

The Wordless Wednesday premise is simple, but like other online challenges that we join as a community, we adjusted it slightly to make it useful for language learning. Each Wednesday I upload an image to my MyEC blog. I invite learners (and teachers) to write a caption in the comments. The winning caption is added to the post the following Wednesday.

While it started out as something I did on my blog, the members quickly caught on and began creating their own Wordless Wednesday posts. This is the way MyEC works, and it’s the best part of blogging in a community. Members are encouraged to submit their Wordless Wednesday post to the hub blog where the original idea came from.

Asking online students/teachers to upload photos to a website can be a bit tricky, however. The last thing we need is more illegal pictures of Brad Pitt! From the beginning of MyEC, we’ve worked hard to encourage members not to steal images from the Internet. We created a lesson on plagiarism, we educated our most active users about artist’s rights, and we began moderating our photo gallery. Our moderators are volunteer English learners and they take their job very seriously. However, it can still be tempting for members to use images outside of their own photo folderS.

CREATIVE COMMONS

Introducing MyEC members to eltpics presented the perfect opportunity to teach them how to use Creative Commons sites. In fact, with thousands of images available on eltpics, there is almost no need for members to go outside these sets, at least for the purpose of Wordless Wednesday. After months of sharing photos from my personal photo folder for Wordless Wednesday, I was ecstatic to suddenly realize that I had thousands of images to choose from. I’ve used images from the eltpics sets for the last three weeks and will continue to use them for future posts. I hope the members who participate in Wordless Wednesday will give it a try too.

SHOW STUDENTS HOW TO USE ELTPICS

If your students are blogging (or thinking of blogging), I highly recommend showing them how to use eltpics.

  • introduce them to the concept of Creative Commons
  • help them understand that plagiarism is serious
  • encourage them to start blogging
  • teach them how to credit a photographer and site
  • introduce them to twitter (in order to credit the photographer properly it may be necessary to credit the photographer’s twitter account)

CREATE YOUR OWN CAPTION CONTEST

If your school has a blog, please join in on Wordless Wednesday. First, show your students how to use ELTPics. Then, invite students to write captions for the photos that they picked (open it up to teachers as well). Finally, teach them how to submit their posts to the official Wordless Wednesday site. If you share one blog, put one student in charge of the Wordless Wednesday post each week. It’s up to you whether or not you want to work on corrections with your learners. You can also send your students over to MyEC so they can take part in our community fun!

Learners Can use ELTpics to

  • add images to school projects and presentations
  • add visuals to school newsletters
  • add photos to personal or school blogs
  • participate in online challenges (such as our Motivational Poster challenge)
  • Image by Phil Bird (@pysproblem81)

    For information on Tara’s novel, see http://www.tarabenwell.com